Ischia has an area there around 46 square kilometers and a circumference of about 39 kilometers. And ‘the largest of three islands in the Gulf of Naples. Rich in history, directly connected to the rich past of the city of Naples.
The island is about 18 nautical miles from Naples, 33 km, while the port of Pozzuoli, the distance is about 10 nautical miles, 19 km.
The two main ports on the island are Ischia Porto and Casamicciola Terme.
Although Ischia is the largest island in the Bay of Naples, it has a length of only 10 km from east to west and from north to south does not exceed the 7 km.
Driving around the island your speedometer will not show more than 39 km.
But the island has many features that will surprise you. The highest point is Mount Epomeo 790 meters high. You do not know precisely the dell’Epomeo altitude, some say 788 or 789m, and who is of the opinion that it is 792m. Therefore, we chose the golden mean. To the north, it goes steeply uphill and to the south, however, the rock chains fall softly towards the sea.
From the mountain placed at the center of the island, the scenery tends towards the sea and is repeatedly interrupted and crossed by steep and deep gorges carved into the tufa by water over thousands of years.
Change the glance of Ischia looking towards the west of the ‘island. From Forio you can admire a landscape of vineyards on the terraces features.
To the east, facing the Gulf of Naples, Ischia shows its urban face with Ischia Porto capital and its various neighborhoods Bridge, San Michele, San Antuono and Campagnano for a total of about 20 000 residents.
Thanks to its volcanic origin and the many hot mineral hot springs, the island is one of the largest spas in Europe.
With its enviable location and typical of southern Italian climate and proximity to the mainland, Ischia is not only important for its thermal characteristics, but offers a rich and varied program for sun lovers, culture, artists and hikers.
typical products of ‘island
The island has always had a tradition of winemaking. Even today, almost every Ischitano cure his small vineyard and this tradition is carried on from father to son, from generation to generation.
The island’s main grapes are Biancolella, forastera, rilla grapes, St. Lunardo between the white grapes (90%) and guarnaccia, piedirosso, also called per’e palummo, and Cannamelu between the red (10%), They are the backbone of Ischia viticulture.
The Ischia cellars that have made the island famous and prized wine are D’Ambra Vini, Pietratorcia, Perrazzo Wines and Cenatiempo, Di Meglio and Mazzella.
The braiding of wicker baskets and baskets of pipe that can be bid on in stores or directly to farmers in the street. Often these become that used by farmers as a basket of fruit and vegetables, which also has a tradition as the flax and hemp embroidery.
In Eyelash and “bowls” of Ischia Ponte are two bakers who still bake bread in the wood oven. The citrus groves of the “Limoncello” is (a sweet, aromatic liquor) emerged, the the “Nocillo” (a walnut liqueur), has a little ‘sold.
I Savastano brothers have filled a gap in the market with the name of “Sapori d’Ischia”. By fragrant essences, producing soap, candles and spices. It is worth to visit the factory, because there is also a perfume called “Ischia Air,” which is produced by sciatica flowers. The cosmetics on the other hand are based on extracts ??? the mud and spa area.
However, should not the magnificent ice of its production Elio Bar in Forio, Cicco Calise in Ischia or Casamicciola and Ischia, contempt.
Another typical product is the production of ceramics, who is originally from the moment Greek colony. Today this tradition is awakened with the help of many young artists to life. The oldest factory is located in Casamicciola, Mennella, but is not in operation.
When it comes to painting Ischia has to offer. Artists like Cup, Petroni, Gabriele Mattera, Mario Mazzella, Macri and Raffaele Iacono made a name in art circles.
Artifacts from the Stone Age provide evidence that as early as 4000 years ago people lived on the island of Ischia. Already in the Bronze Age 1000 BC. B. C., The island was inhabited. This was followed by periods in which probably the Phoenicians, the first navigators of the Mediterranean, the island discovered. Thus, the city and the island as “Pithekoussai” was given.
In the 4th century. (328 v. Chr. ) The Romans have appeared They immediately discovered the value holiday island and baptized them in the name of “Aenaria”. The Romans came to the hot springs and built the first baths. But the island has been repeatedly plagued by misfortune. The Vandals, Byzantines, Lombards, Franks and Normans have dominated.
The simplest interpretation states that Ischia not as hot as an ‘ island ‘, derived from the “insula” Latin America and, finally, Ischia was.
1194 acquired the Stauffen (German imperial line), the Kingdom of Naples and Sicily, then, the island of Ischia. However, the church of Rome was against Stauffenherrschaft. 1260 was Charles of Anjou Sicily and Naples assigned by the Pope to hunt the Stauffen island from the condition. 1299 took Charles II of Anjou island.
Between 1828 and 1854, the island was shaken twice by earthquakes. Including cholera caused numerous victims. 1860 was Italy, with Garibaldi, finally, its national freedom.
Only once translated foreign soldiers their foot on the island. It ‘was the German army between 1942 and 1944. In the fifties Ischia was discovered by and for tourists.
- WeatherThe island of Ischia is characterized by a typically maritime climate as temperatures are relatively consistent throughout the year.
- Holidays & special occasions and more local informationThe local folklore and the events that take place in Ischia contribute to make unforgettable your stay at any time of year.
- Rent a car or motorcycleFor the best deals contact Hotel Internazionale Ischia directly.
- Attractions on IschiaThere are countless attractions that the island of Ischia offers to its visitors.
- BeachesBeaches on the island of Ischia.
- Well-beingWellness and therapies in the thermal waters of Ischia